Archaeology and the Bible researcher 4/4



Good general introductions to the aims and methods of archaeology are:

  1. Leonard Woolley, Digging Up the Past (1930);
  2. Sir Mortimer Wheeler, Archaeology from the Earth (1954);

    Mortimer Wheeler

    Mortimer Wheeler (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  3. Grahame Clark, Archaeology and Society, 3rd rev. ed. (1957).


For the history of archaeology and its relation to the development of anthropology:

  1. W. F. Albright, The Archaeology of Palestine (1960);
  2. W. H. Boulton, Archaeology Explains (1952);
  3. S. G. Brade Birks, Teach Yourself Archaeology (1953);
  4. F. F. Bruce, Israel and the Nations (1963);
  5. S. L. Caiger, Bible and Spade (1936);
  6. C.W. Ceram, Götter, Gräber und Gelerte (1949; Eng. trans., Gods, Graves and Scholars, 1951);
  7. L. Cottrell, Wonders of Antiquity (1960);
  8. Eisenberg and D. P. Elkins, Worlds Lost and Found (1964).
  9. J. P. Free, Archaeology and Bible History (1950);
  10. 10.   G. Gibby, The Testimony of the Spade (1956);
    and Glyn Daniel, A Hundred and Fifty Years of Archaeology (1972).
  11. R.F. Heizer, The Archaeologist at Work (1959), and Man’s Discovery of his Past, 2nd ed. (1970);
  12. R. K. Harrison, A History of Old Testament Times (1957);
  13. J. A. Thomps ,The Bible and Archaeology (1962);
  14. Jacquetia Hawkes, The World of the Past (1963).
  15. W. Keller (1964).
  16. D. J. Wiseman, Illustrations in Biblical Archaeology (1962);
  17. 17.   G. Willey and G. Sabloff, The History of American Archaeology (1972).
  18. G. A. Smith, The Historical Geography of the Holy Land (25th ed., 1931);
  19. J. H. Kitchen, Holy Fields (1955);
  20. E. M. Blaiklock, Pictorial Atlas of the Bible (1969).


Special aspects

Special aspects of the development of archaeology are dealt with in:

  1. D. Brothwell and E. Higgs, Science in Archaeology, 2nd ed. (1969);
  2. George F. Bass, Archaeology Under Water (1967);
  3. and W.F. Libby, Radiocarbon Dating, 2nd ed. (1955).


Beginning of the series: Archaeology and the Bible researcher 1/4

Preceding articles:

Archaeology and the Bible researcher 2/4

Archaeology and the Bible researcher 3/4


  • Byzantine Archaeology and the Archaeology of Greece (
    I reflected on the sections dedicated to the archaeology of Byzantine and Crusader Greece. These three chapters are strong enough to stand on their own as a short survey of Byzantine archaeology. They feature vivid case studies that introduce readers to some unfamiliar places while at the same time providing to the traditional monuments central to long-standing discussions of Byzantine archaeology and architecture.
  • Let us allow the archaeological findings to speak for themselves. (
    One of the most elementary mistakes these people have committed in the name of their belief is instead of allowing the facts to speak for themselves; they are trying to fit them into their belief system. This is so prevalence during early 20th century and even today. For instance, there are feature stories from the media sponsored by different religious groups trying to convince us that science is indeed supporting the biblical claims.
  • Early Christian Archaeology (
    Among European scholars, the Early Christian period encompasses the first five centuries of our era. A similar trend is evident in the following Ngram that queries Late Antiquity, Late Roman, and Late Antique.
  • Small Archaeological Projects and the Social Context of their Data (
    One thing that several commentators have mentioned is that the use of iPads or other digital recording devices in the field increased efficiency in collecting, analyzing, and disseminating archaeological knowledge. These tools made it easier, in effect, to bridge the famous gap between the field and laboratory by eliminating the intermediate step of producing paper field notebooks which are then digitized “back at the lab” for inspection, study, and archiving. Smaller projects have struggled a bit to keep pace with the technology necessary to capture the various kinds of information produced at the edge of the trench (photographs, illustrations, and text) and to synthesize it in an integrated database.
    Whatever the limitations or advantages of various forms of data capture produced by archaeological projects, the processes put in places by small projects with limited expertise invariably shape the kind of information recorded and analyzes. The tools and social contexts of a project dictate the kind of knowledge a project produces.
    Richard Rothaus:  “To do data entry in the field, one needs to constantly pay attention to things that aren’t the archaeology–hardware, power, data interfaces, glare and shade. While those things may only require a fraction of the intellectual power of the excavator, they still require attention.”
  • Walter C Kaiser Jr – Important Discoveries in Biblical Archaeology ( or 1354-1355 Walter C. Kaiser Jr. – Important Discoveries in Biblical Archaeology
  • Using Cookbooks in Historical Archaeological Research: New Mexico as a Case Study (
    Using cookbooks as a tool in historical archaeological research might sound a tad bit absurd, but by examining certain characteristics of these books, it becomes possible to see dirt-covered artifacts in a slightly different light.
  • Top 10 Archaeological Discoveries of 2012 (
    Today, Archaeology Magazine has rolled out its “Top 10 Discoveries of 2012.”

8 thoughts on “Archaeology and the Bible researcher 4/4

  1. Pingback: glacial exposure from an armchair archaeology enthusiast | offbeatonpurpose

  2. Pingback: Graven in woorden, theorieën en artefacten « Bijbelvorser = Bible Researcher

  3. Pingback: Digging in words, theories and artefacts « Bijbelvorser = Bible Researcher

  4. Pingback: Interpretation of archaeological data « Bijbelvorser = Bible Researcher

  5. Pingback: Archaeology and the Bible « Bijbelvorser = Bible Researcher

  6. Pingback: History and Archaeology sciences looked at #1 Encyclopedism and enlightenment | Bijbelvorser = Bible Researcher

  7. Pingback: History and Archaeology sciences looked at #2 Co-operative of excavators, archaeologists, anthropologists, historians and culture morphologists | Bijbelvorser = Bible Researcher

  8. Pingback: History and Archaeology sciences looked at #3 Nature of archaeological work #1 | Bijbelvorser = Bible Researcher

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