Archaeology and the Bible

The Gutenberg Bible displayed by the United St...

The Gutenberg Bible displayed by the United States Library of Congress, demonstrating printed pages as a storage medium. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In every instance where the findings of archaeology pertain to the Biblical record,
the archaeological evidence confirms, sometimes in detailed fashion,
the historical accuracy of Scripture.
In those instances where the archaeological findings seem to be at variance with the Bible,
the discrepancy lies with the archaeological evidence, i.e., improper interpretation, lack of evidence, etc. — not with the Bible. . . .


Graffiti Archaeology in Archaeology Magazine!

Graffiti Archaeology in Archaeology Magazine! (Photo credit: otherthings)

Find of interest:

Preceding articles:

  1. Interpretation of archaeological data
  2. Digging in words, theories and artefactsArchaeology and the Bible researcher 1/4
  3. Archaeology and the Bible researcher 2/4
  4. Archaeology and the Bible researcher 3/4
  5. Archaeology and the Bible researcher 4/4
  6. Modern day archaeological discoveries verify the Biblical account of historic events
  1. Top Ten Discoveries in Biblical Archaeology in 2012
    Each year several dozen institutional archaeological excavations and multiple more salvage excavations take place in the lands of the Bible.
  2. Archaeologists in Israel discover synagogue dating from time of Jesus
    In a bid to construct a hotel and church for a Christian priest, archaeologists in Israel may have made a major discovery. As they dug, they came across the remains of a synagogue, one thousands of years old with potential implications for Judaism and Christianity.
    The new testament does not specify that Jesus ministered in Magdala, but Father Solana said the discovery of this synagogue means what we thought we knew will have to be re-examined.
    Never, ever. From the Christian point of view, we cannot doubt that Jesus would have been there sometime. The first Christian communities used to gather in the synagogues. They were observant Jews. So it’s clear that the first generation of Christians used to gather there.”
  3. Are Greece’s Ancient Treasures Under Threat?
    Archaeologists report that the severe budget cuts imposed by international lenders on the Greek government have impeded research, forced museums to slash security staff and placed the country’s cultural heritage at risk. As two recent museum thefts raise fresh fears about the security of Greece’s antiquities, concerned scholars are launching a global appeal for help.
    The antiquities of ancient Greece have withstood the ravages of time, weather and war, but according to some Greek archaeologists, the country’s cultural treasures are now facing a new threat: fallout from the debt crisis that has left Greece in turmoil. In return for tens of billions of dollars in loans to help Greece avoid bankruptcy, the European Union and International Monetary Fund have required steep cuts in government spending, and the Greek Ministry of Culture and Tourism—charged with overseeing thousands of archaeological sites and more than 100 museums with antiquity collections—hasn’t escaped the ax.
    Of even greater concern is that, in a country where nearly all museums are state-run and crime is on the rise, security staffing cuts have left priceless antiquities more vulnerable to theft.
  4. In the global archaeology lab: higher or lower?
    The integration of archaeologists as global community is one of the main opportunities of rebirth of this discipline as a branch of humanity that contributes to revealing and creating cultural values to serve the majority of society. However, the organization of archaeology has the impact of national traditional and current strategies. Although this is true especially for the excavation projects, the nationality has very strong influence on the publications and the tendencies of development of the media communication of the archaeological information. Key regions for archaeology like Bulgaria have been experiencing a deep crisis because of the absence of willing of self-critical analysis and the use of these regions of career-like oriented western archaeologists who may do not care about global humanistic values being interested perhaps in eventual own career-applied benefit only. Does this situation help or hurt additionally global archaeology?
    western scholars have been backing the worst of the traditions in Bulgarian archaeological publications,
  5. 2,750-year-old temple near Jerusalem uncovered
    During excavations at the Tel Motza archaeological site, about 3 miles (5 kilometers) west of Jerusalem, during preparations for work on a new section of Israeli‘s Highway 1, Archaeologists have uncovered a 2,750-year-old temple near Jerusalem, along with pottery and clay figurines that suggest the site was the home base for a ritual cult.
  6. The Excavation at Aghmat, Morocco’s Medieval CapitalExcavations at Aghmat
    The Medieval  site  of Aghmat can be found beside the modern village of Ghmat which is 30 km south east of Marrakech in the northern foothills of the Atlas Mountains in Morocco. Professor Ron Messier, Professor Emeritus Middle Tenessee State University and Senior Lecturer in history at Vanderbilt University and his codirector Professor Abdallah Fili faculte des letters Universite d’El Jadida have been following a trail of gold a it was part of the camel caravan routes from sub-Saharan Africa through the ancient city of Sijilmassa which Ron Messier’s team excavated through to Morocco’s Medieval Capital, Aghmat.
    The archaeological excavations have  so far revealed a hammam , a palace and a mosque.the archaeological process of discovery is aided by modern equipment which can identify the ancient foundations which are now under ground. Ancient texts also describe the city providing valuable clues.

    Medieval site of Aghmat

  7. Getty Returns Head of Hades
    The J. Paul Getty Museum announced today plans to voluntarily return a terracotta head to Sicily representing the god Hades and dating to about 400–300 B.C. The Museum acquired the sculpture in 1985.
    David Gill’s commentary: The head from Morgantina: intellectual consequences
    The blue beard had suggested that the head represented Zeus. However the context, the sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone, where fragments of hair were located suggest that the correct representation is more likely to be Hades.
  8. Looking Back: Dionysos returned to Turkey
    Dionysos had apparently “been seized in Switzerland and delivered to England on the condition of giving it back to the country from which it was stolen.
  9. The scale of looting in Turkey
    The Turkish press has an important piece on the scale of looting in Turkey (Ömer Erbil, “Turkish museums’ storage crowded with smuggled artifacts“, Hürriyet August 9, 2011). Last year alone a staggering 68,000 objects were seized: that is 1300 items per week.
  10. Turkey and the Düver Frieze
    It now appears that Turkey is stepping up its claims on archaeological material that has left the country illegally subsequent to its national legislation relating to antiquities. The Roman portrait sculptures from Bubon seem to be high on the list, as well as pieces of Late Antique silver plate.



  • A Future for the Archaeology of Jerusalem (
    The present excavators in ancient Jerusalem consider their work relevant to their own community, but not to that in whose back and front yards they are digging, i.e. the Palestinian inhabitants of the Old City and nearby villages.
  • Top Ten Discoveries in Biblical Archaeology in 2012 (
    Each year several dozen institutional archaeological excavations and multiple more salvage excavations take place in the lands of the Bible. Some excavations draw attention because of the exciting dimensions of their discoveries. Many more compile important information from less dynamic discoveries that help us better understand the biblical world in its social context.
  • Early Christian Archaeology (
    As part of that project, my collaborator and I began to think about the term Early Christian Christian archaeology in an Anglo-American academic context, and we both came to the conclusion that, while common the scholarship elsewhere in the world, it is relatively rare among English speaking scholars. Indeed, looking at a Google Ngram for the term, we can see that it is not only rare, but has only begun to appear quite recently.
  • How To Become An Archaeologist (
    If you have an interest in the field and you want to become an archaeologist, you have to be willing to put in a great deal of work. One cannot simply walk onto a site and hope for the best – it takes a specific kind of person to become an Archaeologist, and a very specific sort of education to stay competitive.
  • Intensive Survey and Byzantine Archaeology (
    The article made the case for the value of intensive survey in Byzantine archaeology with particular attention to the value of intensive survey methods in documenting the Byzantine countryside, examining the archaeology of regions, and identifying sites that usually do not attract the attention of the excavators of monumental or urban remains. As Gregory notes throughout this seminal, if idiosyncratic, article is that intensive survey has the potential to expand our knowledge of Byzantine society beyond the limits imposed by knowledge derived from the study of churches, fortifications, and urban areas.
    It’s somehow poetic to suppose that the chronologically peripheral status of Byzantine material in the major survey projects resulted in a loss of resolution, the same way that the edges of our vision tend to be less clearly defined. We lack nuanced chronologies for most classes of Byzantine ceramics and we know almost nothing about local utility and cooking wares. As a result we can discuss the post-classical period in only relatively imprecise ways when we encounter this material in unstratified conditions on the surface of the ground. The chronological difficulties extend in some cases to our ability to date standing monuments outside of urban centers or without epigraphical or textual evidence.
  • Some More Thoughts on Digital History (
    Our panel yesterday on Managing Archaeological Data in a Digital Age was really nice. There was an engaged audience and a diverse but cohesive group of papers.
  • Archaeologists Find Ancient Temple, Ritual Cache Near Jerusalem – Bloomberg (
    An ancient temple and cache of sacred vessels uncovered by Israeli archaeologists provides rare evidence of rituals held outside Jerusalem about 2,700 years ago, Israel Antiquities Authority said.
  • Dead Sea Scrolls available at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls digitization project (
    Between the 2nd century bce and 2nd century ce the majority of the Dead Sea Scrolls were written. During this time, different Judean groups struggled to obtain and maintain political and religious leadership.

8 thoughts on “Archaeology and the Bible

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