Man his beginnings or emerging, continuation, evolution and anthropology

We are here on this earth, no matter what you think how we came to be or how we developed or evolved, many theories have found day light.

Lots of Christians and Muslims do have a wrong concept about the first man and woman, expecting to have looked very much like modern human beings. They also expect that they walked on their two legs instead of the more realistic view to have had hairy beings walking on all fours.

The last few years we see an increasing trend of certain fundamentalist Christians to react against all reason of science. Though we may not forget that science and religion may go together and do not have to stand in each-others way. But we must be very realistic, human beings are not infallible beings and as such may have wrong ideas and can get their research world also wrong.

There may be no great discontinuity between science and other human quests for truth, including religion. With awe can we look at the creation and follow the evolution of this world. God has given us intelligence and we should use the given brain in the right way.

As human beings we should recognise our limitations but should also continue to study and to do research in the different fields.

English: First reconstruction of Neanderthal m...

First reconstruction of Neanderthal man (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Today when we look at man, we may see or think that anatomically modern humans emerged between 200,000 years ago.

A particular set of physical characteristics set us apart from the other Homo species which are now extinct, including Neanderthals. {Cara Wall Scheffler: What anthropology can tell us about the origins of religious behaviour}

writes a Senior Research Associate at The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, where she works on the positive interaction between science and faith, who also looks at the fact that most Biblical scholars think Genesis contains two separate creation stories, which were written by two different authors or sets of authors in completely different times and cultural settings.

The first story is found in chapter 1, and uses the writing style of a priest. Water is described as a chaotic force, and humans are created after the chaos has been neatly ordered and life has begun. The second story is in chapters 2 and 3, where the man is created before life has sprouted on earth, and the woman comes into the plot much later on – before humankind begins to wreak havoc in Eden. {The Bible and Human Origins}

For her it is clear that

We have brains with large frontal lobes, so our skulls are “balloon” shaped. We have large tongues for talking with, so we also have chins to balance the development of a throat large enough to hold our tongues. We also have a bowl-shaped pelvis, so we walk in a certain way – with our bodies curved up and back. {Cara Wall Scheffler: What anthropology can tell us about the origins of religious behaviour}

Made in the image of God

Every person was once a sperm and an egg. Those two unique germ cells fused together, and in nine months they turned into a living, breathing, human being. Each of us emerged from the same process of embryonic development that was highly complex, ordered, and in a sense predictable, but which allowed enough variation for us to turn out as recognisably different individuals. {Fearfully and Wonderfully Made}

Every time that fusion of germ cells mad that being developed in a certain way with each section of the body, from head to rump, taking on its identity.

In this context, identity means what shape it takes, and which limbs or internal organs grow there: legs or arms, lungs or pancreas, and so on. The source of that physical identity is DNA: the networks of genes that are switched on or off in each segment of the body, making all the proteins that are needed to grow and develop in the right way. The master-genes that control the whole process are called homeobox, or Hox genes for short. {Fearfully and Wonderfully Made}

When the books of the bible were written down the writers did not understand how embryonic development happened, but they followed the Voice which gave them insight in a way they could comprehend and gave Words others could understand. People in the ancient times were very well aware of the marvellous process which took place.

With religious literacy on the downfall it might be worth looking at the connection of our scientific, religious, cultural, economical and political world. Lots of people thinking it is not possible to have all those parts of life issues in balance with religion should think twice.

It is up to Christian scientists to show the world there can be unison and that the Bible does not contradict science.

In this world where technology moves so fast and culture and religion so often seem to clash we can wonder if there is something there that set us apart in these areas.

From the land of origin man began to move and spread over land that broke a way from the motherland. With them they took tools and ornaments made from the elements they found in the earth.

They had the ability to make a long pointed stone blade, and carried collections of very precise tools, including fish hooks and the first examples of sewing needles. They made ornaments out of ivory beads, and buried their dead with very elaborate grave goods. In their cave paintings, some species seem to be significant because they are drawn more often – bison, horses and big cats – and the larger painting projects would have needed multiple people to work together over a short period of time. {Cara Wall Scheffler: What anthropology can tell us about the origins of religious behaviour}

From all those carvings and drawings we have found we may imagine that those people looked in a special way at what happened around them and came to have certain ideas of supernatural beings and finding reasons to worship the supranatural.

Venus of Willendorf By Oke (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Venus of Willendorf By Oke

The statues they made were of anatomically exaggerated women or creatures that were part man and part animal: the sorts of objects that were important later on in religious practices. {Cara Wall Scheffler: What anthropology can tell us about the origins of religious behaviour}

In several areas all over the world we can find large ornately carved stone structures which indicate that people came to bring honour to situations and elements they did not understand. Differently from the other species man came to look at what was around him and came to think about natural changes.

Soon after the beginning of the growing population man found ways to look in a special way to what happened around him and to honour what was going on in nature.

Cara Wall-Scheffler

Cara Wall-Scheffler

There is definitely something different about our species. We have not only survived the hominin extinction, but we possess abilities that other hominins may never have developed. We also seem to have been capable of grasping religious concepts long before written accounts of religion began to exist. As Cara (Cara Wall Scheffler ed.) was quick to point out, people may have been doing things for a long time before the first evidence of it appeared in the fossil record. All this provides a good deal of food for thought when it comes to discussion of the Genesis accounts. The evidence here suggests that some of the potential interpretations of Genesis 1-3 may not be as satisfactory as they seem. {Cara Wall Scheffler: What anthropology can tell us about the origins of religious behaviour}

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Preceding articles

Archaeology and the Bible researcher 1/4

Archaeology and the Bible researcher 2/4

Archaeology and the Bible researcher 3/4

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Additional reading

  1. Creation of the earth and man #16 Formation of man #8 Dust, flesh, blood,breathing and life
  2. Creation of the earth and man #22 Man in the image and likeness of the Elohim #6 Spirits, spiritual bodies and illusory perception
  3. Other stories about the beginning of times
  4. Different principle about the origin and beginning of everything
  5. Inner feeling, morality and Inter-connection with creation
  6. People of different cultures, beliefs and political convictions fraternal together
  7. Being religious has benefits even in this life

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Further reading

  1. Team Effort In Research
  2. Various research rumblings
  3. What Puts #seriousacademics Off Social Media? 
  4. Preaching aren’t I soz.
  5. Humanity of humans
  6. Arrival of the Fittest: Solving Evolution’s Greatest Puzzle
  7. Drilling evolutionary theories from primitive technology
  8. The Concept of “More Evolved”: A Reply to Pumpkin Person
  9. A plant molecule that was once considered biologically irrelevant, now offers new leads into the development of hardier plants
  10. Perceived Power
  11. Chimps Evolved From Humans Claims Leading Ape Scientist
  12. Are Neanderthals or other extinct species represented in myths?
  13. The Industrial Revolution
  14. How natural disabilities are evolutionary traits
  15. Why I Left The Religion of Atheism
  16. Suicide and Evolution
  17. Discoveroids: Selection Can’t Be Measured
  18. Creationist Wisdom #707: Scientific Preacher
  19. Creationist Wisdom #708: Sin, Death, & Science
  20. The Post Hoc Nature of Evolutionary Explanation
  21. Paying our loan
  22. Promises
  23. God give me strength to face a fact
  24. Religion was devised in attempt to neutralize sociopaths
  25. A Message for Those with Eyes to See and Ears to Hear
  26. Klinghoffer: Embrace Your Creationist Intuition
  27. Creation, Evolution & Catholicism
  28. Discovery Institute Says: ‘Use Your Brain’
  29. Scientists do believe in God
  30. Q&A – Why do so many Christians reject evolution?
  31. GenCon 2016: Evolution: Climate
  32. The Mystery of God
  33. What should people know about your field to be considered “educated”?
  34. Intelligent Design
  35. Pregnancy and embryonic development
  36. Embryos with abnormal chromosomes can repair themselves
  37. The Most Unforgettable Act in Science: From Cell to Someone

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4 thoughts on “Man his beginnings or emerging, continuation, evolution and anthropology

  1. “It is up to Christian scientists to show the world there can be unison and that the Bible does not contradict science.”

    This is a bold statement. Any examples?

    Thanks for citing me.

    Like

    • We are aware that in one camp there are some scientists, such as chemist Peter Atkins, who feel that reconciling religion and science is “impossible.” Atkins says that to believe “that God is an explanation (of anything, let alone everything) is intellectually contemptible.”

      In another camp are religious people who blame science for the destruction of faith. Such individuals hold to the opinion that science as practiced today is a deception; its facts may be correct, but the misinterpretation of those facts undermines the beliefs of the faithful. For instance, biologist William Provine says that Darwinism means “no ultimate foundation for ethics; no ultimate meaning for life.”

      However, some of the conflict has developed because of false or unprovable assertions originating from both sides. For centuries, religious leaders have taught mythical legends and erroneous dogmas that are at odds with modern scientific findings and not based on inspired Scripture. For example, the Roman Catholic Church condemned Galileo because he concluded, correctly, that the earth revolves around the sun. Galileo’s view in no way contradicted the Bible, but it was contrary to what the church taught at the time. On the other hand, scientists are at fault when they teach as fact the unprovable theory that life evolved from inanimate matter independent of God. They ridicule religious faith as unscientific.

      Is it possible, then, to reconcile science and religion? Yes, it is. Actually, proven science and true religion complement rather than contradict each other.

      Already from the beginning there is by many the misconception concerning the ‘days’ of creation. When people would know what God says about those ‘days’ or ‘periods of time’ they shall come to see that the bible does not contradict present finding about the evolution of our earth. It need not to conflict with the scientific conclusion that the age of the earth is about four and a half billion years. According to the Bible, the earth existed for an unstated period before the creative days began. Even if science corrects itself and suggests a different age for our planet, the statements made in the Bible still hold true. Instead of contradicting the Bible, science in this and many other cases actually provides us with voluminous supplemental information about the physical world, both present and past.

      Already long before people wanted to accept the position of the earth against the sun bible readers could have found the real answer in the Bible and could have found out the false teachings of many churches and scientists of those ancient times.

      By investigating the accuracy of the Bible, including statements of a scientific nature and, even more convincingly, the unerring fulfilment of hundreds of prophecies throughout the ages and into our present day, one can acquire firm faith in it as the Word of God. Faith in the Bible is not credulity but a proven confidence in the accuracy of Scriptural statements.

      The seeds of the clash between Galileo and the Catholic Church were sown centuries before Copernicus and Galileo were born. The earth-centered, or geocentric, view of the universe was adopted by the ancient Greeks and made famous by the philosopher Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.) and the astronomer-astrologer Ptolemy (second century C.E.). By allowing Greek philosophy to influence its theology, the church bowed to tradition rather than follow the teachings of the Bible.

      the Bible does not claim to teach science. Rather, it reveals God’s standards, aspects of his personality that creation alone cannot teach, and his purpose for humans. (Psalm 19:7-11; 2 Timothy 3:16) Yet, when the Bible does refer to natural phenomena, it is consistently accurate. Galileo himself said: “Both the Holy Scriptures and nature proceed from the Divine Word . . . Two truths can never contradict one another.” Consider the following examples.

      Even more fundamental than the movement of stars and planets is that all matter in the universe is governed by laws, such as the law of gravity. The earliest known non-Biblical reference to physical laws was made by Pythagoras, who believed that the universe could be explained by numbers. Two thousand years later, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton finally proved that matter is governed by rational laws.

      The earliest Biblical reference to natural law is contained in the book of Job. About 1600 B.C.E., God asked Job: “Have you come to know the statutes [or, laws] of the heavens?” (Job 38:33) Recorded in the seventh century B.C.E., the book of Jeremiah refers to Jehovah as the Creator of “the statutes of the moon and the stars” and “the statutes of heaven and earth.” (Jeremiah 31:35; 33:25) In view of these statements, Bible commentator G. Rawlinson observed: “The general prevalence of law in the material world is quite as strongly asserted by the sacred writers as by modern science.”

      If we use Pythagoras as a point of reference, the statement in Job was about a thousand years ahead of its time. Keep in mind that the Bible’s objective is not simply to reveal physical facts but primarily to impress upon us that Jehovah is the Creator of all things—the one who can create physical laws.—Job 38:4, 12; 42:1, 2.

      Another example we can consider is that the earth’s waters undergo a cyclic motion called the water cycle, or the hydrologic cycle. Put simply, water evaporates from the sea, forms clouds, precipitates onto the land, and eventually returns to the sea. The oldest surviving non-Biblical references to this cycle are from the fourth century B.C.E. However, Biblical statements predate that by hundreds of years. For example, in the 11th century B.C.E., King Solomon of Israel wrote: “All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full. To the place from which the rivers come, to there and from there they return again.”—Ecclesiastes 1:7, The Amplified Bible.

      Likewise, about 800 B.C.E. the prophet Amos, a humble shepherd and farmworker, wrote that Jehovah is “the One calling for the waters of the sea, that he may pour them out upon the surface of the earth.” (Amos 5:8) Without using complex, technical language, both Solomon and Amos accurately described the water cycle, each from a slightly different perspective.

      The Bible also speaks of God as “hanging the earth upon nothing,” or he “suspends earth in the void,” according to The New English Bible. (Job 26:7) In view of the knowledge available in 1600 B.C.E., roughly when those words were spoken, it would have taken a remarkable man to assert that a solid object can remain suspended in space without any physical support. As previously mentioned, Aristotle himself rejected the concept of a void, and he lived over 1,200 years later!

      Does it not strike you as amazing that the Bible makes such accurate statements—even in the face of the erroneous yet seemingly commonsense perceptions of the day? To thinking people, this is one more evidence of the Bible’s divine inspiration. We are wise, therefore, not to be easily swayed by any teaching or theory that contradicts God’s Word. As history has repeatedly shown, human philosophies, even those of towering intellects, come and go, whereas “the saying of Jehovah endures forever.”—1 Peter 1:25.

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  2. Pingback: Facilitations of science and loss of peace of mind | Bijbelvorser = Bible Researcher

  3. Pingback: 2nd question: What or where is the beginning – Questiontime – Vragenuurtje

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