The Law Covenant 1 Messenger and Mediator Moses

In the previous article you could read that some arrangements had to be made, so that the promise to Abraham might become effective . It is at that point where enters the Law Covenant, proposing to prepare the ”Seed” for the great work.

That this was one of the purposes of the Law Covenant is clearly stated in Exodus 19: 1-6.

“1  In the third month, when the children of Israel had gone forth from the land of Egypt, the same day they came into the wilderness of Sinai. 2 For they had departed from Rephidim, and had come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel encamped before the mount. 3 And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; 4 Ye have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings, and brought you to myself. 5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people: for all the earth is mine: 6 And ye shall be to me a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak to the children of Israel.” (Ex 19:1-6 Webster)

In fact, no other purpose was mentioned at the time save that of developing a nation of kings and priests by obedience to the Covenant then about to be made. Other ends served by the Law Covenant are elsewhere mentioned, but it is evident that this was the primary purpose. It transpired that during the Jewish age that nation had some kings and some priests. But this was not in fulfilment of Ex. 19:6, which promised that the nation as a whole should be kings and priests, if obedient to the terms of the Covenant about to be made. Kings rule, and priests instruct and bless the people; so that this promise could mean nothing else than that the Law Covenant proposed to develop the Seed promised 430 years previously.

When the Law Covenant was mentioned to the people, they unanimously and most willingly entered into it.
Moses was its Mediator in the primary sense of internunciator or messenger. When the people sinned, Moses became their mediator in the sense of reconciler, or intercessor. He pled their cause, acting as their advocate before God. At this time they were the Covenant people, the agreement having been made only a short while before their sin, which was the occasion of Moses interceding for them. The two meanings of Mediator are clearly and beautifully represented in these two capacities in which Moses acted — first, as messenger on behalf of the parties to the Covenant about to be made; second, as Intercessor, on behalf of the transgressing party, that the Covenant just ratified might be allowed to go on, the people being forgiven their iniquity.— Exodus 19: 1-8; 24: 1-8; 32: 30-32.

By what process did the Law Covenant — added to the Ahrahamic — endeavour to develop the “Seed”?

By obedience, as the people had agreed. (Deut. 6: 17-25.)

Commandments were given, ten of them written on the tables of stone and the remainder, equally important and moral, in books. These were to be scrupulously observed to the smallest detail. Not one jot or tittle was to fail, and life was the promised reward to the doer of the Law. (Lev. 18: 5; Ezek. 20: 11; Gal. 3: 12.) Life was the prime necessity; for without it the kings and priests which were to be could never accomplish the blessing of others. Moreover, if they who desired to be kings and priests were themselves sinners, not fit to be allowed to live, they would also be unfit for the exalted offices they sought, and could not be acceptable as the “Seed.” The standard must be perfection of holiness; anything less than this would leave the race in a perpetual state of unrest and turmoil.
This standard was upheld by the “commandments, statutes and judgments” which the Lord commanded Israel, and they essayed to be obedient and thus prove themselves worthy of life, and to be the kings and priests, the “Seed” to bless all the families of the earth.

Penalties were provided for infractions of the Law.
Some of these were against individual transgressors, while others were against the people collectively. As the reward of obedience was life, the penalty of disobedience was death, individually and nationally. (Lev. 23: 20, 30; 20: 14-20.) Yet if the chastisements upon the nation should move; them to repentance, the Lord would not forsake them utterly, but in harmony with this Law Covenant, and in fulfilment of it, He would bring them back to their land again, even though their hopes bad perished and become, as it were, a mass of dead bones. — Lev. 26: 38-46; Ezek. 37: 1-14.

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Preceding

Covenants

The Abrahamic Covenant and Seed of Abraham

The Atonement in Type and Antitype 1 Sacrifices and High Priests

Atonement And Fellowship 6/8

 

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Additional reading

  1. Possibility to live
  2. A prophet to restore
  3. The meek one riding on an ass
  4. Around the feast of Unleavened Bread
  5. The Law of Christ: Law of Love
  6. Together tasting a great promise
  7. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  8. A learning process for each of us

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Related

  1. And I will remember my covenant.” Genesis 9:15
  2. Isaiah Speaks of Things That Are and Things That Are to Come
  3. Lehi’s Descendants Will Come to a Knowledge of Their Forefathers and Their Redeemer
  4. The Covenant People of the Lord Are Armed with Righteousness and the Power of God
  5. The Promises of the Lord are Great unto the Gentiles
  6. God is Birthing New Life from What Was Dead
  7. He Has Experienced Everything We Have.
  8. Getting to Know . . . Ephesians Chapter 2! (Part 5: Remembering What We Were!)

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