The Covenants – Summary

“Now, of the things which we have spoken, this is the sum.”

It has been seen that salvation from sin and death, the prime necessity of our race, has been provided in the divine purpose. Pursuant to the accomplishment of His purpose, God covenanted with Abraham
that the blessing to all the families of the earth should be given through his seed. The Abrahamic Covenant was not an agreement that the families of the earth should be blessed, but that the honour of
blessing them should be granted to Abraham’s Seed.

The Abrahamic Covenant did not contain within itself the provision for the fulfilment of its gracious promise.
Hagar, the bondmaid, brought forth a seed, but her child was not the seed promised. The Law Covenant sought to bring forth the promised “seed,” but could not. It brought forth a seed unto bondage, just as did Hagar in the allegory. — (Ex. 19: 5,6; Rom. 8: 1).

In due lime, Sarah, the free woman, bore Isaac, the promised child. So, in due time, the New Covenant, a covenant of liberty (Gal. 5: 1: yoke of bondage or slavery) is bringing forth the Sons of God by Jesus Christ. — [Redeeming; adoption of sons; heir of God through Christ; a go-between (intermediary) mediator Christ; God being only one Person and being the sole party in giving promise to Abraham; law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus. (Gal. 4: 5-7; 3 : 20; Rom. 8: 1-4; Heb. 9: 15).]

The reason why the Abrahamic Covenant could not develop the promised “Seed” was because it contained no provision for salvation from sin and death.
The Hagar or Law Covenant contained such a provision, but it was found inadequate, gendering only to
bondage. The New Covenant contains such a provision, based on the blood of Jesus, shed for its ratification and also for the remission of sins. The New Covenant provision is entirely adequate for the forgiveness of past sins and of future ones, as far as they arise out of Adamic weakness. The New Covenant is, therefore competent to be the “mother” of the promised “Seed.” — Two covenants: one  from Mount Sinai + one through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for allChrist (the Messiah, the Anointed One) died for us > justified by his blood, acquitted, made righteous, and brought into right relationship with God; received and enjoy atonement, reconciliation (Gal. 4: 22-31 ; Heb. 10: 1-10; Rom. 5: 6-11; 1 John 1: 7-9 ; 2 : 2).

Jesus is the Mediator of the New Covenant, and is also High Priest on behalf of His Church. He both
reconciles God to us and us to the Father; and, after we have entered into Covenant relationship, he intercedes on our behalf when we transgress.
Moses was a type of Christ, both as messenger of a covenant and as intercessor for the transgressing covenant people. — When keeping God’s covenant, then people can be a peculiar treasure unto God above all people; Moses took the Book of the Covenant and read it to the people; Jehovah God, the Lord of hosts, will send His messenger, who will prepare the way before Him + when lifted up from the earth this sent one will draw and attract all men [Gentiles as well as Jews] to himself; by so much, in keeping with the oath’s greater strength and force, was Jesus made a surety or guarantee of a better testament [a more excellent and more advantageous covenant]. (Ex. 19: 1-8; 24: 1-8; 32: 30-32; Mal. 3: 1; John 12: 32, 33; Heb. 7: 22, 25; 8: 6; 9: 15; Rom. 8: 34).

Those who submit themselves to the ministration of the New Covenant shall receive life; it is a ministry of the Spirit which gives life, whereas the letter or the Old Covenant brought, condemnation and death. The New Covenant operation is for the formation of character, and the life granted to those who are faithful under it may be on any plane; the New Covenant does not in itself stipulate. Christ has brought both life and immortality to light through the Gospel. — Ministry or dispensation of the Spirit bringing righteousness, fosterings righteous living and right standing with God; to permanently abide in glory and splendour; Christ having acquired a priestly ministry which is as much superior and more excellent than the old, as the covenant (the agreement) of which he is the mediator (the arbiter, agent) is superior and more excellent, [because] it is enacted and rests upon more important (sublimer, higher, and nobler) promises. People did not abide in God His agreement with them, so He withdrew His favour and disregarded them. When God speaks of a new covenant or agreement, He makes the first one obsolete (out of use or outdated). (2 Cor. 3: 3, 8, 9, 11, 18 ; Heb. 8: 6-13; 2 Tim. 1: 10, 11).

Those who are reconciled to God have the privilege of extending the message concerning the New Covenant and its Mediator, and should do so as much as they are able. —  All things are from God, Who through Jesus Christ reconciled us to Himself. Therefore we may not forget that there is only one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all people. God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. Repentance for the forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.  (2 Cor. 5: 18-21; 1 Tim. 2: 4-7; Luke 24: 47).

The blood of the New Covenant is that of Jesus alone.
The Church is invited to be followers in his footsteps of suffering, that she may share his glory; that as he overcame and inherited a throne, so she may overcome and inherit the throne with him. This sharing
of his sufferings is not to be viewed as participating with him in shedding the blood required for the sealing of the New Covenant. By his own sacrifice he did this, in order that we might be permitted to obtain the eternal inheritance. The blood of the Covenant which perfects and sanctifies is “my blood,” and if we count it, as something shared by a number (“Koines,” translated “unholy” in Heb. 10: 20, means “common in the sense of sharing), we shall not be able to justify ourselves in God’s sight as not deserving “much sorer punishment” than transgressors against the Mosaic Covenant. —  Jesus blood (cup) of the new testament or covenantshed for many, ratifying the agreement and for the remission of sins.  For this reason Christ, the Messiah, is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance. (Matt. 26: 28; Mark 14: 24; Luke 22: 20; 1 Cor. 11: 25; Rev. 3: 21; Heb. 9: 15; 10: 10, 14, 28-31).


Hold fast to sound words.

Study God’s Word and be eager and
do your utmost to present yourself to God approved,
rightly handling and skilfully teaching the Word of Truth.

See that you do not refuse Him that Speaks by His Word.




The Abrahamic Covenant and Seed of Abraham

The Law Covenant 1 Messenger and Mediator Moses

The Law Covenant 2 Weak through the flesh

The Law Covenant 3 Better Promises

The New Covenant Victim and Mediator

The New Covenant Intercessor

New Covenant Possesses

Writing the Law on the Heart

The Application of the New Covenant

The New Covenant with Israel

The New Covenant in the Gospel and Kingdom Ages

New Covenant Terms Applicable to the Ancients

Inauguration of the New Covenant

The Everlasting Covenant

8 thoughts on “The Covenants – Summary

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