Josephus, Masada heroes and ancient Jewish rebels

After the fall of Jerusalem Emperor Titus returned to Rome and received a triumphant welcome. At the same time, the Romans began to restore order in Judaea by putting down any final resistance and regaining control of the last few strongholds held by Zealots. The last and longest of these final encounters was the Siege […]

Biblical Archaeology: Past, Present and Future

Biblical Archaeology: Past, Present and Future Biblical archaeology has come a long way since its early days a century ago, when American and European Bible scholars and archaeologists directed excavations with the intent of unearthing physical evidence for the people and events described in the Bible. Today, dozens of field projects are using cutting-edge technologies […]

The Casualties of War: The Truth about the Iraq Museum

From the old news-box As Baghdad was falling to coalition forces in April 2003, the international media reported that the Iraq Museum had been ransacked and more than 170,000 of the finest antiquities from the very cradle of civilization had been stolen while U.S. forces stood idle. The list of missing objects read like a […]

Damage to Archaeological Sites and pursuit of profit

When Al Quada (Al Qaida) and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS-ISIL) tried to create their own huge state, they wanted to get rid of everything what had to do with pagan worship. They did not want any trace of ancient culture to tarnish their habitat. Therefore they did not mind destroying anything […]

Archaeologists unearth rare 1,700 year inscription and church in Israeli Desert

German and Israeli scientists discovered a 1700-year-old stone bearing the name of a city believed to be the possible location of an ancient biblical town. The Greek inscription refers to the city of Elusa (Halutza in Hebrew) and was discovered during excavations in Halutza National Park in the Negev desert. “The name of the city […]

H̱orvot Meẕada

Masada, Hebrew H̱orvot Meẕada (“Ruins of Masada”), ancient mountaintop fortress (‬ metsada, “fortress”) in southeastern Israel, site of the Jews’ last stand against the Romans after the fall of Jerusalem in 70 ce. Masada occupies the entire top of an isolated mesa near the southwest coast of the Dead Sea. The rhomboid-shaped mountain towers 1,424 […]