Hebrew Language #20 Hebrew Literature #18 The re-creation of Hebrew as a literary language

As you could notice in the previous postings, can we say that literature has been the home of Jewish artistic activity throughout the ages. We must also remember that Hebrew literature is not synonymous with Jewish literature. For those who study the Bible, the Hebrew language is an important semitic language of the Northern Central […]

Hebrew Language #19 Hebrew Literature #16 Later writers – From the Renaissance to 18th Century, going into a new religious movement within Judaism

The introduction of printing (first dated Hebrew printed book, Rashi, Reggio, 1475) gave occasion for a number of scholarly compositors and proof-readers, some of whom were also authors, such as Jacob ben Ḥayyīm of Tunis (d. about 1530), proof-reader to Bomberg, chiefly known for his masoretic work in connexion with the Rabbinic Bible and his […]

Hebrew Language #18 Hebrew Literature #15 Limit of Hebrew literature its development

Going into the 13th and14th centuries, Hebrew literature may be said to have reached the limit of its development.

Hebrew Language #17 Hebrew Literature #14 Families, works from France, Germany and the Levant

Looking a.o. at the families Ibn Tibbōn, Kalonymos and Hillel and ibn Ezra of the Levant.

Hebrew Language #16 Hebrew Literature #13 Maimonides, Maimonists and anti-Maimonists

Today we come to one of the most important figures of Jewish literature of the medieval period, the Jewish philosopher, jurist, and physician Maimonides often better known as Rambam.

Hebrew Language #15 Hebrew Literature #12 High level of literature in Spain in the 12th and 13th century

Looking at 12th and 13th centuries literature and Jewish travellers.

Hebrew Language #14 Hebrew Literature #11 French school of the 11th century

The French school of the 11th century was hardly less important. Gershom ben Judah, the “Light of the Exile” (d. in 1040 at Mainz), a famous Talmudist and commentator, his pupil Jacob ben Yaqar, and Moses of Narbonne, called ha-Darshan, the “Exegete,” were the forerunners of the greatest of all Jewish commentators, Solomon ben Isaac […]

Hebrew Language #13 Hebrew Literature #10 Exegesis

The aim of the grammatical studies of the Spanish school was ultimately exegesis. This had already been cultivated in the East. In the 9th century Ḥīvī of Balkh wrote a rationalistic treatise [A fragment of such a work, probably emanating from the school of Ḥīvī was found by Schechter and published in J.Q.R., xiii. 345 […]

Hebrew Language #8 Hebrew Literature #5 Talmud and Masorah

In the previous chapter we said that traditional teaching was not confined to halakhah, or the ordinances regulating religious observances. We saw that it was the duty of the teachers to show the connexion of practical rules with the written Law. And as such Midrash, exposition, from darash arised to “investigate” a scriptural passage and […]

Hebrew Language #7 Hebrew Literature #4 Mishnah and Midrash

Last episode we ended by the 2nd century and spoke about a period which followed the later canonical books, not only was translation, and therefore exegesis, cultivated, by Elders and their pupils that form the starting-point of the next series, the Tannāīm, who occupy the first two centuries of this common era. Mishnah By this […]

Hebrew Language #6 Hebrew Literature #3 Halakhah

Halakhah We must now return to the 2nd century. During the period which followed the later canonical books, not only was translation, and therefore exegesis, cultivated, but even more the amplification of the Law. According to Jewish teaching Halakhah. (e.g. Abhoth i. 1) Moses received on Mount Sinai not only the written Law as set […]

Hebrew Language #5 Hebrew Literature #2 Torah, Apocryphal literature and Targum

Apocryphal Hebrew literature It is not to be supposed that all the contents of the Old Testament were immediately accepted as sacred, or that they were ever all regarded as being on the same level. The Torah, the Law delivered to Moses, held among the Apocryphal literature.Jews of the 4th century B.C.E. as it holds […]

Hebrew Language #4 Hebrew Literature #1 Old Testament

Hebrew Literature by Arthur Ernest Cowley Old Testament-Scriptures. Properly speaking, “Hebrew Literature” denotes all works written in the Hebrew language. In catalogues and bibliographies, however, the expression is now generally used, conveniently if incorrectly, as synonymous with Jewish literature, including all works written by Jews in Hebrew characters, whether the language be Aramaic, Arabic or […]

Hebrew Language #3 Among Christian scholars

Looking at the Hebraists in the Greek and Latin Church up to the 19th cnetury.

Hebrew Language #1: Teaching “Sticky” Hebrew

by Dr. Paul Overland | Ashland Theological Seminary There is a huge problem in the way that biblical Hebrew is currently taught: it doesn’t stick. Polytetrafluoroethylene, or PTFE, is better known by its household name “Teflon.” It’s the coating on cookware that prevents food from sticking to the pan, and it’s the perfect term to […]

One of the most important Truths

Biblical or human truth People have to choose for which Truth they will want to go. Are they willing to clinch to Biblical Truth, gospel Truth or to what churches are presenting as a doctrinal truth? When looking at the present world, we can find lots of people who prefer to believe in not much […]

New Dead Sea Scroll fragments found in Israel

Israeli archaeologists announced this week the discovery of dozens of new Dead Sea Scroll fragments. Found in a desert cave and likely stashed away during a Jewish revolt against Rome nearly 1,900 years ago, the scraps of biblical texts offer a rare window into the history of Judaism, early Christian life, and humankind. To make the […]

Evening Morning Period

Answers Concerning Prophecies and things future #5 Evening Morning Period Beyond all question, the correct reading of Dan. viii.14, is, “And he said unto me, Unto two thousand, three-hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed”. There is not a tittle of evidence in favour of either two thousand two hundred, or two thousand four […]

Answers Concerning Prophecies and things future

Introduction to a series of articles on prophecy with a look at the Biblical background.

Concerning some writers of our series on prophecy #1 Dr. John Thomas

Before starting our series on prophecies we have a look at the authors of some of the older writings whose writings we present to offer some insight in the prophesies the Bible presents.