The Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the site of Golgotha

The second Protestant church in Jerusalem (the first being Christ Church near Jaffa Gate) the Lutheran Church of the Redeemer its bell tower dominates the Old City skyline of Jerusalem. The Evangelical Jerusalem Foundation, one of the three foundations of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) in the Holy Land owns the building which was […]

Demise of the Late Bronze Age

Yesterday having looked at the Bronze Age period and Hazor, today we look at the great empires and mighty kingdoms of the ancient world — the Egyptians, Mycenaeans, Minoans, Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Cypriots and Canaanites — which all suddenly collapsed. This happened because a “perfect storm of calamities” — earthquakes, droughts and rebellions. From about […]

Ammonites, Moabites and Edomites

According to the Bible, the Ammonites were descendants of Ben-ammi, who was the son of Lot (Abraham’s nephew) and Lot’s younger daughter; the Moabites were descendants of Moab, the son of Lot and his oldest daughter; and the Edomites were descendants of Esau, Jacob’s twin and Isaac’s oldest son. The ancient Semitic-speaking nation occupyed the […]

A rich history of ancient and Biblical Jordan to explore

Other than Israel, no country has as many Biblical sites and associations as Jordan: Mount Nebo, where Moses gazed at the Promised Land; Bethany beyond the Jordan, where John baptized Jesus; Lot’s Cave, where Lot and his daughters sought refuge after the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah; Madaba, home of a stunning mosaic map of […]

History and Archaeology sciences looked at #3 Nature of archaeological work #1

The archaeologist is first a descriptive worker doing the systematic study of past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material, evidence, such as graves, buildings, tools, and pottery, to prove or disprove upheld ideas and to provide a thing or set of things helpful in forming a conclusion or judgement. […]

History and Archaeology sciences looked at #2 Co-operative of excavators, archaeologists, anthropologists, historians and culture morphologists

Toward the end of the 19th century thinkers where attracted by the idea to delineate the specific character or historical knowledge and understanding, rather than of seeking to construct vast speculative schemes in the earlier manner of historians. Several scholars became also convinced that several fields should integrate into one discipline which wants to go […]

History and Archaeology sciences looked at #1 Encyclopedism and enlightenment

Archaeology, also spelled archeology, may be considered a very recent or relatively new sciences. We are confronted with the past and may have already the science or study of ‘history’. That study is already very old and aimed at providing an overall explanation of the process of history. In the philosophy of history one tries to […]