Demise of the Late Bronze Age

Yesterday having looked at the Bronze Age period and Hazor, today we look at the great empires and mighty kingdoms of the ancient world — the Egyptians, Mycenaeans, Minoans, Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Cypriots and Canaanites — which all suddenly collapsed. This happened because a “perfect storm of calamities” — earthquakes, droughts and rebellions. From about […]

Old Arad and Widespread literacy in Judah in 600 BCE

Looking at the texts of the Hebrew Scriptures they demand a certain knowledge of reading capacity. We did not have to wait for the new Tel Aviv University study published on April the 12th in PNAS to know that widespread literacy was required for going through the books of Moses and the Prophets. With the new […]

Dead Sea Scrolls available at the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls digitization project

Between the 2nd century bce and 2nd century ce the majority of the Dead Sea Scrolls were written. During this time, different Judean groups struggled to obtain and maintain political and religious leadership. As primary sources, the Dead Sea Scrolls shed light on these historical events and explore the ways that various Jews of the […]