Lost gospels or apocryphal writings

Lots of people saying Jesus did not exist forget that about that man there are written many more books and there can be found much more proofs of his existence, from his own time then about other people. There are classical or Greco-Roman, Jewish and Christian scriptures talking about events around that Nazarene Jewish master teacher, […]

Exodus: History, myth, folktale, truth

Professor Charles R. Krahmalkov in the pages of Biblical Archaeology Review (BAR), wrote “In Biblical studies truth is often only a matter of personal opinion, or a test of scholarly perceptions, or a momentary consensus.” We would not so much agree with that. For us the Truth would be to cling to the literal word […]

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the site of Golgotha

The second Protestant church in Jerusalem (the first being Christ Church near Jaffa Gate) the Lutheran Church of the Redeemer its bell tower dominates the Old City skyline of Jerusalem. The Evangelical Jerusalem Foundation, one of the three foundations of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) in the Holy Land owns the building which was […]

Demise of the Late Bronze Age

Yesterday having looked at the Bronze Age period and Hazor, today we look at the great empires and mighty kingdoms of the ancient world — the Egyptians, Mycenaeans, Minoans, Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Cypriots and Canaanites — which all suddenly collapsed. This happened because a “perfect storm of calamities” — earthquakes, droughts and rebellions. From about […]

Hazor: Canaanite Metropolis

During the 30 excavation seasons conducted at the site of ancient Hazor, where in 2013 an Egyptian sphinx was discovered, it became clear that this was the largest and most important city-state in the Land of Israel in the second millennium BCE. At its floruit, Hazor spanned c. 200 acres, 10 times the size of Jerusalem […]

Was there a “Septuagint Canon”?

In biblical and theological instruction and writing, it is common to refer to “the LXX” or “the Septuagint.” Old Testament / Hebrew Bible scholars refer to the LXX as the oldest translation of the Hebrew Scriptures, and scholars in New Testament and early Christian studies refer to the Septuagint as the text which the New […]

Ammonites, Moabites and Edomites

According to the Bible, the Ammonites were descendants of Ben-ammi, who was the son of Lot (Abraham’s nephew) and Lot’s younger daughter; the Moabites were descendants of Moab, the son of Lot and his oldest daughter; and the Edomites were descendants of Esau, Jacob’s twin and Isaac’s oldest son. The ancient Semitic-speaking nation occupyed the […]