Lost gospels or apocryphal writings

Lots of people saying Jesus did not exist forget that about that man there are written many more books and there can be found much more proofs of his existence, from his own time then about other people. There are classical or Greco-Roman, Jewish and Christian scriptures talking about events around that Nazarene Jewish master teacher, […]

The Song of Songs: Love Is Strong as Death

The Song of Songs (or Song of Solomon) from the Hebrew Bible is a love song beyond compare— although it has been compared to everything. Some have deemed it ancient pornography. Others have sung its praise. In the second century C.E., Rabbi Akiva called it the “holy of holies.”1 Modern artist Marc Chagall’s interpretation of […]

Exodus: History, myth, folktale, truth

Professor Charles R. Krahmalkov in the pages of Biblical Archaeology Review (BAR), wrote “In Biblical studies truth is often only a matter of personal opinion, or a test of scholarly perceptions, or a momentary consensus.” We would not so much agree with that. For us the Truth would be to cling to the literal word […]

Bijbelse landstreken, steden en dorpen, toen en nu: Bethlehem

Bethlehem ligt in het overjordaanse gebied, hemelsbreed 8 km ten zuiden van de hoofdstad Jeruzalem. Omgeven door heuvels, waarvan de oostelijk gelegen heuveltop 750 m hoog is, terwijl de tempelberg in Jeruzalem nauwelijks tot 735 m reikt. De regen, die met een gemiddelde van 600 mm per jaar, vooral ten zuiden van Bethlehem (de naam […]

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the site of Golgotha

The second Protestant church in Jerusalem (the first being Christ Church near Jaffa Gate) the Lutheran Church of the Redeemer its bell tower dominates the Old City skyline of Jerusalem. The Evangelical Jerusalem Foundation, one of the three foundations of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) in the Holy Land owns the building which was […]

Demise of the Late Bronze Age

Yesterday having looked at the Bronze Age period and Hazor, today we look at the great empires and mighty kingdoms of the ancient world — the Egyptians, Mycenaeans, Minoans, Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Cypriots and Canaanites — which all suddenly collapsed. This happened because a “perfect storm of calamities” — earthquakes, droughts and rebellions. From about […]

Hazor: Canaanite Metropolis

During the 30 excavation seasons conducted at the site of ancient Hazor, where in 2013 an Egyptian sphinx was discovered, it became clear that this was the largest and most important city-state in the Land of Israel in the second millennium BCE. At its floruit, Hazor spanned c. 200 acres, 10 times the size of Jerusalem […]