Hebrew Language #12 Hebrew Literature #9 Medieval scholarship

Medieval scholarship To return to the period of the Geōnīm. While the schools of Babylonia were flourishing as the religious head of Judaism, the West, and especially Spain under Moorish rule, was becoming the home of Jewish scholarship. On the breaking up of the schools many of the fugitives fled to the West and helped […]

Hebrew Language #11 Hebrew Literature #8 The Qaraites or Karaites

A look at Karaite Judaism (“Followers of the Bible”) which had its base in the Crimea in the Middle Ages, and looking at the influence of its teachers and writings on Christianity and Islam.

Hebrew Language #10 Hebrew Literature #7 The Geōnīm

The Geōnīm The order of the Amoraim, which ended with the close of the Talmud (C.E. 500), was succeeded by that of the Sabōrāīm, who merely continued and explained the work of their predecessors, and these again were followed by the Geōnīm, the heads of the schools of Sura and Pumbeditha in Babylonia. The office […]

Hebrew Language #9 Hebrew Literature #6 Hebrew Liturgy

When looking at Hebrew Liturgy we look at the religious phenomenon of the Jehudiem or Jews where their liturgy represents a communal response to and participation in the sacred through activities reflecting praise, thanksgiving, remembrance, supplication, or repentance, giving themselves to their Bore or Divine Creator, the Elohim Hashem יהוה (YHWH) Jehovah in the hope […]

Hebrew Language #8 Hebrew Literature #5 Talmud and Masorah

In the previous chapter we said that traditional teaching was not confined to halakhah, or the ordinances regulating religious observances. We saw that it was the duty of the teachers to show the connexion of practical rules with the written Law. And as such Midrash, exposition, from darash arised to “investigate” a scriptural passage and […]

Hebrew Language #7 Hebrew Literature #4 Mishnah and Midrash

Last episode we ended by the 2nd century and spoke about a period which followed the later canonical books, not only was translation, and therefore exegesis, cultivated, by Elders and their pupils that form the starting-point of the next series, the Tannāīm, who occupy the first two centuries of this common era. Mishnah By this […]

Hebrew Language #6 Hebrew Literature #3 Halakhah

Halakhah We must now return to the 2nd century. During the period which followed the later canonical books, not only was translation, and therefore exegesis, cultivated, but even more the amplification of the Law. According to Jewish teaching Halakhah. (e.g. Abhoth i. 1) Moses received on Mount Sinai not only the written Law as set […]

Hebrew Language #5 Hebrew Literature #2 Torah, Apocryphal literature and Targum

Apocryphal Hebrew literature It is not to be supposed that all the contents of the Old Testament were immediately accepted as sacred, or that they were ever all regarded as being on the same level. The Torah, the Law delivered to Moses, held among the Apocryphal literature.Jews of the 4th century B.C.E. as it holds […]

Hebrew Language #4 Hebrew Literature #1 Old Testament

Hebrew Literature by Arthur Ernest Cowley Old Testament-Scriptures. Properly speaking, “Hebrew Literature” denotes all works written in the Hebrew language. In catalogues and bibliographies, however, the expression is now generally used, conveniently if incorrectly, as synonymous with Jewish literature, including all works written by Jews in Hebrew characters, whether the language be Aramaic, Arabic or […]

Hebrew Language #3 Among Christian scholars

Looking at the Hebraists in the Greek and Latin Church up to the 19th cnetury.

Hebrew Language #2 The name “Hebrew” and Speech of Canaan

Arthur Ernest Cowley looking at Hebrew speech and writing.

Hebrew Language #1: Teaching “Sticky” Hebrew

by Dr. Paul Overland | Ashland Theological Seminary There is a huge problem in the way that biblical Hebrew is currently taught: it doesn’t stick. Polytetrafluoroethylene, or PTFE, is better known by its household name “Teflon.” It’s the coating on cookware that prevents food from sticking to the pan, and it’s the perfect term to […]

Our brothers in Kyiv’s northwest suburb Irpin

Kyiv’s northwest suburb Irpin Over the past decade, the population of Kyiv’s northwest suburb Irpin swelled to 90,000, and with it some churches, like the Irpin Bible Church (IBC) grew with it. The city is known in evangelical circles as the “Wheaton of Ukraine” or Bible Belt because there are so many people over there […]

2022 Upcoming conferences

24th-26th August 2022: The 11th Nordic Patristic Meeting The 11th Nordic Patristic Meeting will take place at Aarhus University on Wednesday 24th- Friday 26th August 2022. The 1st circular with all the relevant information is here.  This is also the website: https://events.au.dk/nordicpatristic2022. 29th September – 1st October 2022: The Reception of St. Gregory of Nyssa […]

Mystery of the Dead Sea Scrolls – Ancient History Documentary

**   Please look further after the advert for MagellanTV, to find Part 1: 1947. – Pt 6 goes about the Life of Jesus, the Son of God.

An other Digital Library to discover

The Copper Scroll. Found in a cave near the Dead Sea, the Copper Scroll describes a vast treasure—hidden in locations throughout the Judean wilderness. Some think the scroll served as a map to the treasure from the Jerusalem Temple.

Unsilencing the Archives

Archives are always a treasure trove, but they often remain a closed Pandora’s box for interested parties. Due to COVID-19, the Badè Museum gallery in Berkeley, California, is closed until further notice. The virtual exhibition Unsilencing the Archives: The Laborers of the Tell en-Nasbeh Excavations (1926–1935) has been recently launched online by the Badè Museum […]

Restrictions in Russia because of sanctions from the West for peace mission in Ukraine.

The European Union has come face to face with the harsh reality of Putin’s plans and must now prevent a third world war from becoming a harsher reality.

Beperkingen in Rusland als gevolg van sancties van het Westen voor de vredesmissie in Oekraïne.

De Europese Unie is met haar neus op de harde realiteit van Poetins plannen gebotst en moet nu zien te vermijden dat een derde wereldoorlog een hardere realiteit wordt.

Biblical Archaeology Review, Spring 2022

The Spring 2022 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review brings together a fascinating array of articles that provide both fresh outlooks on old questions and insightful reflection on the history behind the season’s holidays. “Piece by Piece: Exploring the Origins of the Philistines” examines the background to one of biblical archaeology’s most debated origins questions and […]